Scotlands History

The Stuart Dynasty

The Stuart dynasty began with Robert II taking the throne as King of Scots in 1371, and ended with the death of Anne of Great Britain in 1714.

In total, 15 monarchs ruled Scotland over 343 years. Five of these also ruled England, while Anne of Great Britain was the last Queen of Scots, the last Queen of England and the first monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain.

Stuart kings and queens with dates that they ruled

Robert II of Scotland - 22 February 1371 to 19 April 1390

Robert III of Scotland - 19 April 1390 to 4 April 1406

James I of Scotland - 4 April 1406 to 21 February 1437

James II of Scotland - 21 February 1437 to 3 August 1460

James III - 3 August 1460 to 11 June 1488

James IV - 11 June 1488 to 9 September 1513

James V - 9 September 1513 to 14 December 1542

Mary Queen of Scots - 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567

James VI of Scotland and I of England and Ireland - 24 July 1567 to 27 March 1625

Charles I - 27 March 1625 to 30 January 1649

Charles II - 30 January 1649 to 6 February 1685

James VII of Scotland and II of England and Ireland - 6 February 1685 to 13 February 1689

Mary II - 13 February 1689 to 28 December 1694

Anne of Great Britain and Ireland - 8 March 1702 to 1 May 1707

  • King James IV and Margaret Tudor at Historic Scotland ‘Party at the Palace’ event, Linlithgow Palace, 2009.

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