Media and Young Children's Learning

An article which summarises relevant research exploring the impact of early media exposure on cognitive development and educational achievement.

One focus of the article is on the impact of television viewing on children under two. Available research suggests that well-designed, age-appropriate television content can be beneficial to pre-school children. Despite this, some studies of infants and toddlers suggest that they are better able to learn from real world situations than from the media.

In relation to children over two, the authors highlight that the content of media is important in ensuring it has a positive impact. For instance, viewing age-appropriate television programmes which are designed to reflect the academic curriculum has been associated with cognitive and educational progress.

In contrast, exposure to television programmes designed purely for entertainment, or which have violent content, is associated with poorer cognitive development and lower educational progress.

AuthorHeather L. Kirkorian, Ellen A. Wartella, and Daniel R. Anderson
PublisherWoodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University and the Brookings Institution, Princeton University: Princeton
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