My Experiences and Outcomes

Materials

Properties and uses of substances

By exploring the properties of different substances and how they can be changed, learners gradually develop their understanding of the connection between structure and properties. They explore the development of new substances which have useful properties, and begin to relate physical and chemical properties to models of atomic structure.  Learners begin to use symbols and chemical formulae as a way of communicating information about elements and compounds.

Early First Second Third Fourth
Through creative play, I explore different materials and can share my reasoning for selecting materials for different purposes.
Through exploring properties and sources of materials, I can choose appropriate materials to solve practical challenges.
By contributing to investigations into familiar changes in substances to produce other substances, I can describe how their characteristics have changed.
I have developed my knowledge of the Periodic Table by considering the properties and uses of a variety of elements relative to their positions.
Through gaining an understanding of the structure of atoms and how they join, I can begin to connect the properties of substances with their possible structures.
      Having contributed to a variety of practical activities to make and break down compounds, I can describe examples of how the properties of compounds are different from their constituent elements.
 
  I can make and test predictions about solids dissolving in water and can relate my findings to the world around me.
I have participated in practical activities to separate simple mixtures of substances and can relate my findings to my everyday experience.
I can differentiate between pure substances and mixtures in common use and can select appropriate physical methods for separating mixtures into their components.
I have carried out research into novel materials and can begin to explain the scientific basis of their properties and discuss the possible impacts they may have on society.
    By investigating common conditions that increase the amount of substance that will dissolve or the speed of dissolving, I can relate my findings to the world around me.
I have taken part in practical investigations into solubility using different solvents and can apply what I have learned to solve everyday practical problems.
Through evaluation of experimental results, I can demonstrate my understanding of conservation of mass.
 

Earth's materials

Learners develop their knowledge and understanding of substances that make up the Earth's surface. Properties, uses and methods of extraction of such materials are explored. Opportunities exist to discuss the importance of carbon compounds derived from crude oil to our lives.

Early First Second Third Fourth
  Throughout all my learning, I take appropriate action to ensure conservation of materials and resources, considering the impact of my actions on the environment.
Having explored the substances that make up Earth's surface, I can compare some of their characteristics and uses.
Through evaluation of a range of data, I can describe the formation, characteristics and uses of soils, minerals and basic types of rocks.
I have explored how different materials can be derived from crude oil and their uses. I can explain the importance of carbon compounds in our lives.
      I can participate in practical activities to extract useful substances from natural resources.
 
 

Chemical changes

Learners gradually develop an understanding of chemical changes. They consider processes which take place in the environment and in the laboratory, and develop their understanding of the environmental impact of some changes. They develop their understanding of energy changes in chemical reactions and some of the factors affecting the rates of reactions.   Learners develop the use of chemical names, formulae and equations as a way of conveying information about chemical changes.

Early First Second Third Fourth
    I have investigated different water samples from the environment and explored methods that can be used to clean and conserve water and I am aware of the properties and uses of water.
Having taken part in practical activities to compare the properties of acids and bases, I have demonstrated ways of measuring and adjusting pH and can describe the significance of pH in everyday life.
I can monitor the environment by collecting and analysing samples.  I can interpret the results to inform others about levels of pollution and express a considered opinion on how science can help to protect our environment.
    I have collaborated in activities which safely demonstrate simple chemical reactions using everyday chemicals. I can show an appreciation of a chemical reaction as being a change in which different materials are made.
Through experimentation, I can identify indicators of chemical reactions having occurred. I can describe ways of controlling the rate of reactions and can relate my findings to the world around me.
I can collect and analyse experimental data on chemical reactions that result in an obvious change in energy. I can apply my findings to explain the significance of the energy changes associated with chemical reactions.
      I have helped to design and carry out practical activities to develop my understanding of chemical reactions involving the Earth's materials. I can explain how we apply knowledge of these reactions in practical ways.
Having carried out a range of experiments using different chemicals, I can place metals in an order of reactivity, and relate my findings to their everyday uses.