Knowledge of Language

Adjectives

An adjective gives more information about a noun or pronoun, eg,

blue, funny...

Indicative

These simply give more information about a noun or pronoun, eg,

tall

Comparative

These allow us to compare what the adjective is suggesting about two different nouns. They give the idea of 'more', eg taller.

They are formed in two ways:
  • by adding '-er' to the adjective
bigger, faster
  • by adding the word 'more'
more intelligent, more interesting

Superlative

These adjectives, sometimes known these days as intensifying adjectives, suggest the idea of 'most', eg tallest. Superlatives should only be used for three or more things. If there were only two sisters, one would be the 'elder'. If there were three or more, one would be the 'eldest'.

These are also formed in two ways:
  • by adding '-est' to the adjective
clearest, gentlest
  • by adding the word 'most'
most dangerous, most argumentative

Types

Adjectives can be further divided into two types.

Possessive adjectives

These can be a little confusing as they are sometimes known as possessive pronouns. However, if we keep thinking about adjectives as giving more information about nouns and pronouns, the following words do that job, telling us who owns the noun.

My, his, her, your…

Adjective phrases

These are simply phrases that do the job usually done by a single word.

The woman with blonde hair was very heavily pregnant.