Persona dolls are small friends within Cathkin Community Nursery that provide a great basis for learning, being used as an integral part of an inclusive, anti-discriminatory and culturally-aware environment.
Parents and staff worked closely to develop an understanding of the aims and purposes of the persona dolls by giving each of them their own identity including family structure, cultural background, skin colour, abilities and even likes and dislikes. When persona dolls are introduced they are well planned to confront and enhance situations such as care, fear, anticipation, vulnerability and the general ethos of the nursery environment.
Persona dolls and Curriculum for Excellence
Our aspirations for all our children are that they become successful learners, confident individuals, responsible citizens and effective contributors. Persona Dolls promote the four capacities of Curriculum for Excellence.
Persona dolls encourage our children to become successful learners through:
- discussions and learning in everyday situations
- promoting learning
- enabling the children to be creative and expressive, to work with others, to develop an appreciation of aesthetic and cultural values and ideas, and to prepare for advanced learning when they go to primary school
- developing positive attitudes and respect for one another.
As an extension of our learning and appreciation of others we decided our Christmas Show would encompass all children around the world. We did this by wearing flag hats of our countries of origin and by wearing traditional costumes. Our families decorated banners saying ‘Joy to the World’ in their native language. Our Persona Dolls attended our show holding programmes for the audience and supporting our children in their performances.
They encourage our children to become confident individuals through:
- opportunities for the child to ask questions, discover common experiences and feelings
- building confidence in relationships
- expressing and communicating their beliefs and views of the world
- assessing situations and making decisions
- developing pride in oneself and appreciation in others
- developing an awareness of different cultures from across the world.
As you can see from the picture Sammy was used in a situation of danger to encourage the children to use their assessing skills. Sammy touched a sparkler on Bonfire Night and needed a plaster on his hand. The children connect with Sammy as a friend and are very confident in their understanding of danger especially at certain times of the year. Sammy helped to reinforce this in a child-friendly way, encouraging the children to discuss their experiences and be aware of health and safety at all times.
They encourage our children to become responsible citizens through:
- the awareness of differences in our communities and our world
- the promotion of self-worth
- encouraging the children to build cross-cultural respect and understanding
- helping the children to become responsible citizens who will in time challenge racism and sectarianism when they come across it in their communities and life.
To assist with the transition from home to nursery for our youngest children, Persona Dolls are used as a resource to promote citizenship’s three ‘R’s: rights, responsibility and respect. The dolls encourage the children to form new relationships where they start to trust, respect and understand one another. They sit with our children at snack time and lunchtime and are visible in the playroom at all times.
The encourage our children to become effective contributors through:
- sharing experiences, fears, joys, etc, such as Persona Dolls going to the dentist (collective support)
- work in partnership and teams, having discussions, taking turns and making decisions
- taking situations forward and evaluating their own learning
- giving the children opportunities to challenge assumptions, prejudices and stereotyped views which they have adopted about other cultures, lifestyles and religions.
Similarities and differences
We invited several parents who have been faced with their own prejudices to help transform our parents’ room into an ‘Around the World’ room – a place where learning is rich, relaxed and reinforced, and raises awareness for all. This was a great learning experience for them and continues to be of great benefit to the children and staff of the nursery.
Persona Dolls are introduced into the playrooms and have a purpose to further develop citizenship, diversity, emotional intelligence, emotional, personal and social development, collaborative working and relationship building.
Each doll is buddied up with a child from each group and staff and children take photographs of the doll taking part in activities. Their lives and experiences are discussed and many questions are asked by the children, such as: ‘Why does Sammy only live with his mum?’ ‘Why doesn’t Paul celebrate Christmas?’ ‘Why does Sanjit have brown skin?’ Staff are skilled in answering these questions, which help the children to understand and respect others in their differences and similarities.
Postcards for Reece
As each Persona Doll moves around the playrooms, staff add to their personal information to ensure consistencies in their stories. Recently Reece, one of our Persona Dolls, visited a local authority primary school, which was great for preparing the children for school and assisting with the transition process.
Whilst at the school during school assembly Reece was introduced and welcomed as a friend. As it was only two days to the beginning of the summer holidays it was suggested that the primary children send Reece a postcard from their summer holidays. Reece received several wonderful postcards at the nursery. This was an excellent example of learning being taken forward from the nursery into the primary environment.
Cathkin Community Nursery continues to use the wonderful resource of Persona Dolls to promote citizenship within the nursery. It also promotes a culturally responsive curriculum which enables all children, irrespective of origin or background, to learn in many different life situations.
'The introduction of the Persona Doll Reece generated interest from pupils in P1 through to P7 as well as being a stimulus for the development of a variety of curricular skills and the exploration of important themes around friendship and caring for others. Reece also provided a focus for the strengthening of links with Cathkin Community Nursery and further enhancing our transition programme.'